January-March 2018

ABO and Rh typing of Blood Donors Attached to Government Hospital Blood Bank ,Vadodara

Rahul Rajvanshi1*, Farzana Kothari2, Milind Dighe3, Swati Patel4

12nd Year Resident, 2Associate Professor, 3Head of Department, 4Assistant Professor, Department of Immunohematology and Blood Transfusion, S.S.G Hospital, Baroda


BACKGROUND: Since it was discovered by Karl Landsteiner, the ABO blood group system is the most important blood group system in Transfusion Medicine. The blood group systems are also very important in population genetic studies, researching population migration patterns as well as resolving return medico-legal issues, particularly disputed parentage. OBJECTIVE: Retrospective study was carried out with an objective to provide data regarding frequency and distribution of ABO and Rh blood groups among blood donors attached to government hospital blood bank in baroda. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data of 29750 blood donors were retrospectively collected and analyzed regarding ABO and Rh blood groups from Jan 2014 to June 2016 and reported in simple numbers and percentage. Blood group of the blood donors was determined by forward and reverse methods with the help of commercially available standard monoclonal antisera by Test Tube and column agglutination techniques in requires cases. RESULT: The most common blood group among donors was B (35.02%) followed by O (33.10%), A (22.96%) while the least prevalent blood group was AB (8.92%). Rh positive among donors was 96.02% rest were Rh negative (3.98%). CONCLUSION: In our blood bank attached to government hospital baroda has seen B Positive as most common blood group among the blood donors.

Keywords: ABO typing, Rh typing, blood donors.

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