A Study of Influence of Season on the Lip Prints

Archana P Borase1, Saleem Shaikh2, Avinash Kashid3, Anand A Mohatta4

1Associate Professor, Department of Dentistry, SBH Government Medical College and Hospital, Dhule, Maharashtra, India 2Faculty, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial surgery & diagnostic sciences, College of dentistry, Majmaah University, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia 3AssistantProfessor, Department of Dentistry, Swami Ramanand Teerth Rural Govt. Medical College & Hospital Ambajogai. Tq:-Ambajogai, Dist:-Beed, Maharashtra, India. 4Private Practitioner.


BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Lip prints are the characteristic pattern formed by the wrinkles and grooves on the labial mucosa. Lip prints have recently been recognized as a method of human identification since they are supposed to be unique and they remain unchanged during life of the individual. Though the lip prints remain unchanged, there are certain studies indicating seasonal variation. Hence this study was undertaken to demonstrate if there is a seasonal variation. The study aims to find out if lip prints show any changes with different seasons. METHODS: The study was carried out on 100 individuals, of age ranging from 18-28 years males and females who are residing in Dhule district of north Maharashtra after taking consent. The lip prints were collected in the month of May and again it was repeated on the same individuals in the month of December. The materials used were dark brown lipstick, bond paper, cello tape and magnifying lens. RESULTS: Lip prints which were collected in two different seasons did not show any gross changes. CONCLUSION: More studies should be carried out to observe seasonal variation with more samples
and in extreme climates.

Keywords: Cheiloscopy; Forensic investigation, Lip prints; Seasonal Variation

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