JOURNAL COVER PAGE
 
 
 
 
VOLUME 9,ISSUE 3
July - September 2020
 
Abstract

Role of Flexible Fiber-Optic Bronchoscopy in the Diagnosis of Lung Cancer

Chauhan JB1, Patel BM2*, Patel P3

1. Associate Professor, Department of Respiratory Medicine , Medical College Baroda, Vadodara
2. Assistant Professor, Department of Respiratory Medicine , Medical College Baroda, Vadodara
3. 3rd year Resident, Department of Respiratory Medicine , Medical College Baroda, Vadodara

ABSTRACT

Background: Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths in the world. Flexible fiber-optic bronchoscopy is the most useful invasive technique for diagnosing lung cancer. Bronchoscopy also useful in staging of cancer. It is also useful in palliative care surgery. Objective: The objective of this study was To study the role of fibre optic bronchoscopy in diagnosis of lung cancer. Material and Methods: The prospective study was carried out on 50 patients at Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Medical College Baroda, Vadodara. Results: In this syudy total 50 patients were enrolled. Various anatomical types of Endobronchial mass lesion found during bronchoscopy, 22 patients 944%) had a exophytic mass lesion, 19 patients(38%) had a submucosal lesion and 9 patients(18%) had a peribronchial lesion. We got confirmatory diagnosis in 30 patients so inour study diagnostic yield of bronchoscopy was 60%. Out of 30 diagnosed cases , 15 patients (30%) had an adenocarcinoma, 9 patients (30%) had a squamous cell carcinoma and 6 patients (20%) had a small cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma more comoon in our study. 25 patients were male and 5 patients were female so lung cancer more common in male than female. Conclusion: In our study we diagnosed 30 patients out of 50 patients for confirm lung malignancy so diagnostic yield of bronchoscopy was 60%. Adenocarcinoma of lung is more common type of lung malignancy in our study and male having a more lung cancer than female.

Keywords: Lung Cancer, Bronchoscopy, Forceps biopsy


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