January - March 2021

A Study Of Ultrasound Findings In Cases Of Blunt Ocular Trauma

Nishant D. Solanki1*, Mayank P.Acharya2, Parth K. Shah3, Manoj Kumari4

1,3,4Junior resident, Ophthalmology, 2M.S.Ophthalmology, Additional Professor, shri M.P Shah Medical College, Jamnagar, Saurashtra University



BACKGROUND: To study the ultrasound finding in cases of blunt ocular trauma in Jamnagar district, Gujarat, India. OBJECTIVE:-To study the ultrasound findings of lens, anterior chamber, posterior chamber in cases of blunt ocular trauma in patients of Jamnagar district. SETTINGS: - Various patients of Jamnagar district which strictly includes cases of blunt ocular trauma of all age group. MATERIALS AND METHODS:-Total of 80 eyes of 78 patients were studied who visited Ophthalmology department of Guru Gobindsingh Govt. hospital, Jamnagar, Gujarat. All patients undergone ultrasound A and B Scan examinations and were followed up regularly. RESULTS:-Early  examination was made possible with help of ultrasound which was otherwise not possible because of corneal oedema , hyphaema, excessive lead edema, etc.The condition and position of lens like cataract, subluxation, dislocation were better studied with the help of USG. Posterior chamber findings like Retinal detachment, Retinal haemorrhage, Vitreous detachment, Vitreous haemorrhage, Choroidal detachment and haemorrhage were early recognised with the help of Ultrasonography and also been useful in follow-up examination. CONCLUSION: - Most common mode of injury was blunt trauma by ball; left eye was most commonly affected. Young male patients were most commonly affeceted.Most common structure affected was crystalline lens. Most cases were associated with varying amount of hyphaema. Major posterior segment findings are retinal detachment and vitreous haemorrhage.


Key word: Blunt trauma, Ultra Sound, Hyphaema, Cataract, Lens Dislocation, Subluxation, Cataract, Retinal Detachments, Vitreous Haemorrhage


Keywords: A Study Of Ultrasound Findings

[Full Text Article]